|| International collaboration plays an important role in current research. To attain research collaboration with Chinese partners, understanding of research situation in China is necessary. As Chinese economy has got a continual high-growth in the past 10 years, investment in science and technology by the government has increased with a high speed. Consequently, there has been a significant improvement in research situation and drug development in China. The numbers of publications and patents augmented highly in recent years. Several innovative drugs have been approved, while dozens of others are under clinical trial evaluation. In the talk of Dr Kong, research situation in China will be described, and discovery and development of several antitumor drugs will be mentioned.